|Old Saguaro Cactus|
Least known, and least remembered, and of possibly greatest significance is that Picacho Peak in Arizona was the site of the westernmost battle of the Civil War. In this obscure episode, a dozen Union soldiers defeated eighteen Confederate cavalrymen. Realizing that their advance into Arizona was no longer tenable, the larger body of Confederate soldiers, stationed in Tucson, retreated across the desert to Texas leaving the Union in firm control of the Southwest. Every spring, a reenactment of this battle takes place in the shadow of Picacho Peak.